Las 25 mejores bandas sonoras de cine

En este artículo vamos a hablar de las consideradas mejores de la historia del cine americano, al resultar las más votadas en el año 2005 en el American Film Institute de entre la lista de 250 nominadas, que si debió ser difícil llegar hasta ese número, aún debió ser mucho más complicado reducirlo a sólo 25 títulos.

Posiblemente llame la atención a algunos (o no), que de las 250 bandas sonoras nos encontremos con SIETE compositores que aparecen en ONCE ocasiones en la lista y es que hablamos nada menos que de los grandes maestros de la historia del cine como son Alfred Newman, Elmer Bernstein, Franz Waxman, Jerry Goldsmith, John Williams, Max Steiner y Miklos Rozsa.

Comenzamos relacionando las 250 bandas sonoras seleccionadas, agrupadas por orden alfabético de compositores, indicando además del título original de la película, el año de estreno de la misma.

TÍTULO ORIGINAL DE LA PELÍCULA AÑO COMPOSITOR
1 OF MICE AND MEN 1939 Aaron Copland
2 THE HEIRESS 1949 Aaron Copland
3 THE RED PONY 1949 Aaron Copland
4 FORREST GUMP 1994 Alan Silvestri
5 A STREETCAR NAMED DESIRE 1951 Alex North
6 CLEOPATRA 1963 Alex North
7 SPARTACUS 1960 Alex North
8 THE MISFITS 1961 Alex North
9 VIVA ZAPATA! 1952 Alex North
10 WHO’S AFRAID OF VIRGINIA WOOLF? 1966 Alex North
11 AIRPORT 1970 Alfred Newman
12 ALL ABOUT EVE 1950 Alfred Newman
13 CAPTAIN FROM CASTILE 1947 Alfred Newman
14 HOW GREEN WAS MY VALLEY 1941 Alfred Newman
15 HOW THE WEST WAS WON 1962 Alfred Newman
16 LOVE IS A MANY-SPLENDORED THING 1955 Alfred Newman
17 THE GREATEST STORY EVER TOLD 1965 Alfred Newman
18 THE HUNCHBACK OF NOTRE DAME 1939 Alfred Newman
19 THE ROBE 1953 Alfred Newman
20 THE SONG OF BERNADETTE 1943 Alfred Newman
21 WUTHERING HEIGHTS 1939 Alfred Newman
22 ELMER GANTRY 1960 Andre Previn
23 THE THIRD MAN 1949 Anton Karas
24 THINGS TO COME 1936 Arthur Bliss
25 CONAN THE BARBARIAN 1982 Basil Poledouris
26 FORBIDDEN PLANET 1956 Bebe Barron, Louis Barron
27 ALL THAT MONEY CAN BUY 1941 Bernard Herrmann
28 CITIZEN KANE 1941 Bernard Herrmann
29 JANE EYRE 1944 Bernard Herrmann
30 NORTH BY NORTHWEST 1959 Bernard Herrmann
31 PSYCHO 1960 Bernard Herrmann
32 TAXI DRIVER 1976 Bernard Herrmann
33 THE DAY THE EARTH STOOD STILL 1951 Bernard Herrmann
34 THE GHOST AND MRS. MUIR 1947 Bernard Herrmann
35 VERTIGO 1958 Bernard Herrmann
36 ROCKY 1976 Bill Conti
37 THE RIGHT STUFF 1983 Bill Conti
38 AUNTIE MAME 1958 Bronislau Kaper
39 GREEN DOLPHIN STREET 1947 Bronislau Kaper
40 LORD JIM 1965 Bronislau Kaper
41 MUTINY ON THE BOUNTY 1962 Bronislau Kaper
42 SILVERADO 1985 Bruce Broughton
43 BUTCH CASSIDY AND THE SUNDANCE KID 1969 Burt Bacharach
44 CASINO ROYALE 1967 Burt Bacharach
45 THE BLACK STALLION 1979 Carmine Coppola
46 FARGO 1996 Carter Burwell
47 CITY LIGHTS 1931 Charles Chaplin
48 MODERN TIMES 1936 Charles Chaplin
49 MIRACLE ON 34TH STREET 1947 Cyril Mockridge
50 BATMAN 1989 Danny Elfman
51 EDWARD SCISSORHANDS 1990 Danny Elfman
52 ON GOLDEN POND 1981 Dave Grusin
53 THE HEART IS A LONELY HUNTER 1968 Dave Grusin
54 TOMORROW NEVER DIES 1997 David Arnold
55 HOFFA 1992 David Newman
56 FOREVER AMBER 1947 David Raksin
57 LAURA 1944 David Raksin
58 THE BAD AND THE BEAUTIFUL 1952 David Raksin
59 THE TAKING OF PELHAM ONE TWO THREE 1974 David Shire
60 DIAL M FOR MURDER 1954 Dimitri Tiomkin
61 DUEL IN THE SUN 1948 Dimitri Tiomkin
62 FRIENDLY PERSUASION 1956 Dimitri Tiomkin
63 HIGH NOON 1952 Dimitri Tiomkin
64 LOST HORIZON 1937 Dimitri Tiomkin
65 THE ALAMO 1960 Dimitri Tiomkin
66 THE GUNS OF NAVARONE 1961 Dimitri Tiomkin
67 ANATOMY OF A MURDER 1959 Duke Ellington
68 FRIDA 2002 Elliot Goldenthal
69 FAR FROM HEAVEN 2002 Elmer Bernstein
70 HAWAII 1966 Elmer Bernstein
71 SUMMER AND SMOKE 1961 Elmer Bernstein
72 SWEET SMELL OF SUCCESS 1957 Elmer Bernstein
73 THE AGE OF INNOCENCE 1993 Elmer Bernstein
74 THE GREAT ESCAPE 1963 Elmer Bernstein
75 THE MAGNIFICENT SEVEN 1960 Elmer Bernstein
76 THE MAN WITH THE GOLDEN ARM 1955 Elmer Bernstein
77 THE TEN COMMANDMENTS 1956 Elmer Bernstein
78 TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD 1962 Elmer Bernstein
79 WALK ON THE WILD SIDE 1962 Elmer Bernstein
80 ONCE UPON A TIME IN AMERICA 1984 Ennio Morricone
81 ONCE UPON A TIME IN THE WEST 1968 Ennio Morricone
82 THE MISSION 1986 Ennio Morricone
83 THE UNTOUCHABLES 1987 Ennio Morricone
84 ANTHONY ADVERSE 1936 Erich Wolfgang Korngold
85 CAPTAIN BLOOD 1935 Erich Wolfgang Korngold
86 DECEPTION 1946 Erich Wolfgang Korngold
87 KINGS ROW 1942 Erich Wolfgang Korngold
88 THE ADVENTURES OF ROBIN HOOD 1938 Erich Wolfgang Korngold
89 THE PRIVATE LIVES OF ELIZABETH AND ESSEX 1939 Erich Wolfgang Korngold
90 THE SEA HAWK 1940 Erich Wolfgang Korngold
91 EXODUS 1960 Ernest Gold
92 IT’S A MAD, MAD, MAD, MAD WORLD 1963 Ernest Gold
93 SHIP OF FOOLS 1965 Ernest Gold
94 LOVE STORY 1970 Francis Lai
95 BAMBI 1942 Frank Churchill, Edward Plumb
96 A PLACE IN THE SUN 1951 Franz Waxman
97 DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE 1941 Franz Waxman
98 PEYTON PLACE 1957 Franz Waxman
99 REBECCA 1940 Franz Waxman
100 SAYONARA 1957 Franz Waxman
101 SUNSET BLVD. 1960 Franz Waxman
102 TARAS BULBA 1962 Franz Waxman
103 THE BRIDE OF FRANKENSTEIN 1935 Franz Waxman
104 THE NUN’S STORY 1959 Franz Waxman
105 THE PHILADELPHIA STORY 1940 Franz Waxman
106 THE SPIRIT OF ST. LOUIS 1957 Franz Waxman
107 SABRINA 1954 Frederick Hollander
108 THE ENGLISH PATIENT 1996 Gabriel Yared
109 PICNIC 1955 George Duning
110 GANDHI 1982 George Fenton, Ravi Shankar
111 MOULIN ROUGE 1952 Georges Auric
112 A MAN FOR ALL SEASONS 1966 Georges Delerue
113 THE ANDROMEDA STRAIN 1971 Gil Melle
114 MIDNIGHT EXPRESS 1978 Giorgio Moroder
115 THE GHOST OF FRANKENSTEIN 1942 Hans J. Salter
116 THE WOLF MAN 1941 Hans J. Salter, Frank Skinner, Charles Previn
117 AS GOOD AS IT GETS 1997 Hans Zimmer
118 GLADIATOR 2000 Hans Zimmer
119 BREAKFAST AT TIFFANY’S 1961 Henry Mancini
120 CHARADE 1963 Henry Mancini
121 HATARI! 1962 Henry Mancini
122 THE PINK PANTHER 1964 Henry Mancini
123 TOUCH OF EVIL 1958 Henry Mancini
124 WAIT UNTIL DARK 1967 Henry Mancini
125 MRS. MINIVER 1942 Herbert Stothart
126 THE GOOD EARTH 1937 Herbert Stothart
127 THE WIZARD OF OZ 1939 Herbert Stothart
128 THE LORD OF THE RINGS: Fellowship of the Ring 2001 Howard Shore
129 THE SILENCE OF THE LAMBS 1991 Howard Shore
130 AN AFFAIR TO REMEMBER 1957 Hugo Friedhofer
131 THE BEST YEARS OF OUR LIVES 1946 Hugo Friedhofer
132 SHAFT 1971 Isaac Hayes
133 APOLLO 13 1995 James Horner
134 BRAVEHEART 1995 James Horner
135 FIELD OF DREAMS 1989 James Horner
136 GLORY 1989 James Horner
137 TITANIC 1997 James Horner
138 THE FUGITIVE 1993 James Newton Howard
139 THE VILLAGE 2004 James Newton Howard
140 WYATT EARP 1994 James Newton Howard
141 THE BIG COUNTRY 1958 Jerome Moross
142 THE CARDINAL 1963 Jerome Moross
143 STRAW DOGS 1971 Jerry Fielding
144 THE WILD BUNCH 1969 Jerry Fielding
145 A PATCH OF BLUE 1965 Jerry Goldsmith
146 ALIEN 1979 Jerry Goldsmith
147 CHINATOWN 1974 Jerry Goldsmith
148 L.A. CONFIDENTIAL 1997 Jerry Goldsmith
149 PAPILLON 1973 Jerry Goldsmith
150 PATTON 1970 Jerry Goldsmith
151 PLANET OF THE APES 1968 Jerry Goldsmith
152 STAR TREK – THE MOTION PICTURE 1979 Jerry Goldsmith
153 THE OMEN 1976 Jerry Goldsmith
154 THE SAND PEBBLES 1966 Jerry Goldsmith
155 THE WIND AND THE LION 1975 Jerry Goldsmith
156 SLEUTH 1972 John Addison
157 BODY HEAT 1981 John Barry
158 BORN FREE 1966 John Barry
159 DANCES WITH WOLVES 1990 John Barry
160 GOLDFINGER 1964 John Barry
161 OUT OF AFRICA 1985 John Barry
162 SOMEWHERE IN TIME 1980 John Barry
163 THE LION IN WINTER 1968 John Barry
164 ALTERED STATES 1980 John Corigliano
165 YOUNG FRANKENSTEIN 1974 John Morris
166 A.I.: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 2001 John Williams
167 CLOSE ENCOUNTERS OF THE KIND 1977 John Williams
168 E.T. THE EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL 1982 John Williams
169 HARRY POTTER AND THE SORCERER’S STONE 2001 John Williams
170 JAWS 1975 John Williams
171 RAIDERS OF THE LOST ARK 1981 John Williams
172 SCHINDLER’S LIST 1993 John Williams
173 STAR WARS 1977 John Williams
174 SUPERMAN 1978 John Williams
175 THE COWBOYS 1972 John Williams
176 THE WITCHES OF EASTWICK 1987 John Williams
177 RAINTREE COUNTY 1957 Johnny Green
178 THE SANDPIPER 1965 Johnny Mandel
179 BULLITT 1968 Lalo Schifrin
180 COOL HAND LUKE 1967 Lalo Schifrin
181 DIRTY HARRY 1971 Lalo Schifrin
182 BECKET 1964 Laurence Rosenthal
183 THE MIRACLE WORKER 1962 Laurence Rosenthal
184 ON THE WATERFRONT 1954 Leonard Bernstein
185 EAST OF EDEN 1955 Leonard Rosenman
186 FANTASTIC VOYAGE 1966 Leonard Rosenman
187 REBEL WITHOUT A CAUSE 1955 Leonard Rosenman
188 THE BRIDGE ON THE RIVER KWAI 1957 Malcom Arnold
189 THE INN OF THE SIXTH HAPPINESS 1958 Malcom Arnold
190 CITY SLICKERS 1991 Marc Shaiman
191 THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT 1995 Marc Shaiman
192 A RIVER RUNS THROUGH IT 1992 Mark Isham
193 SOPHIE’S CHOICE 1982 Marvin Hamlisch
194 THE WAY WE WERE 1973 Marvin Hamlisch
195 A PASSAGE TO INDIA 1984 Maurice Jarre
196 DOCTOR ZHIVAGO 1965 Maurice Jarre
197 LAWRENCE OF ARABIA 1962 Maurice Jarre
198 RYAN’S DAUGHTER 1970 Maurice Jarre
199 A SUMMER PLACE 1959 Max Steiner
200 ADVENTURES OF DON JUAN 1948 Max Steiner
201 CASABLANCA 1942 Max Steiner
202 DARK VICTORY 1939 Max Steiner
203 GONE WITH THE WIND 1939 Max Steiner
204 JEZEBEL 1938 Max Steiner
205 JOHNNY BELINDA 1948 Max Steiner
206 KING KONG 1933 Max Steiner
207 NOW, VOYAGER 1942 Max Steiner
208 THE INFORMER 1968 Max Steiner
209 THE TREASURE OF THE SIERRA MADRE 1948 Max Steiner
210 ROBIN HOOD: PRINCE OF THIEVES 1991 Michael Kamen
211 SUMMER OF ‘42 1971 Michel Legrand
212 THE THOMAS CROWN AFFAIR 1968 Michel Legrand
213 A DOUBLE LIFE 1947 Miklos Rozsa
214 BEN-HUR 1959 Miklos Rozsa
215 DOUBLE INDEMNITY 1944 Miklos Rozsa
216 EL CID 1961 Miklos Rozsa
217 IVANHOE 1952 Miklos Rozsa
218 KING OF KINGS 1961 Miklos Rozsa
219 MADAME BOVARY 1949 Miklos Rozsa
220 QUO VADIS? 1951 Miklos Rozsa
221 SPELLBOUND 1945 Miklos Rozsa
222 THE LOST WEEKEND 1945 Miklos Rozsa
223 THE THIEF OF BAGDAD 1940 Miklos Rozsa
224 THE GODFATHER 1972 Nino Rota
225 WAR AND PEACE 1956 Nino Rota
226 MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING 1993 Patrick Doyle
227 SENSE AND SENSIBILITY 1995 Patrick Doyle
228 THE HOURS 2002 Philip Glass
229 IN COLD BLOOD 1967 Quincy Jones
230 IN THE HEAT OF THE NIGHT 1967 Quincy Jones
231 CHOCOLAT 2000 Rachel Portman
232 THE CIDER HOUSE RULES 1999 Rachel Portman
233 AVALON 1990 Randy Newman
234 RAGTIME 1981 Randy Newman
235 THE NATURAL 1984 Randy Newman
236 EQUUS 1977 Richard Rodney Bennett
237 MURDER ON THE ORIENT EXPRESS 1974 Richard Rodney Bennett
238 CAT PEOPLE 1942 Roy Webb
239 NOTORIOUS 1946 Roy Webb
240 SHAKESPEARE IN LOVE 1998 Stephen Warbeck
241 25TH HOUR 2002 Terence Blanchard
242 AMERICAN BEAUTY 1999 Thomas Newman
243 THE SHAWSHANK REDEMPTION 1994 Thomas Newman
244 BLADE RUNNER 1982 Vangelis
245 CHARIOTS OF FIRE 1981 Vangelis
246 AROUND THE WORLD IN 80 DAYS 1956 Victor Young
247 FOR WHOM THE BELL TOLLS 1943 Victor Young
248 SAMSON AND DELILAH 1949 Victor Young
249 SHANE 1953 Victor Young
250 LOUISIANA STORY 1948 Virgil Thompson

Seguro que a mucha gente le faltará alguna y les sobrarán otras, pero hay que estar de acuerdo en que se le pueden poner pocos peros a esta selección. Por último relacionamos las que se convirtieron en las VEINTICINCO MEJORES de la historia del cine americano hasta el 2005, según la AFI (American Film Institute).

TÍTULO ORIGINAL AÑO COMP0SITOR
1 Star Wars 1977 John Williams
2 Gone with the Wind 1939 Max Steiner
3 Lawrence of Arabia 1962 Maurice Jarre
4 Psycho 1960 Bernard Herrmann
5 The Godfather 1972 Nino Rota
6 Jaws 1975 John Williams
7 Laura 1944 David Raksin
8 The Magnificent Seven 1960 Elmer Bernstein
9 Chinatown 1974 Jerry Goldsmith
10 High Noon 1952 Dimitri Tiomkin
11 The Adventures of Robin Hood 1938 Erich Wolfgang Korngold
12 Vertigo 1958 Bernard Herrmann
13 King Kong 1933 Max Steiner
14 E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial 1982 John Williams
15 Out of Africa 1985 John Barry
16 Sunset Boulevard 1950 Franz Waxman
17 To Kill a Mockingbird 1962 Elmer Bernstein
18 Planet of the Apes 1968 Jerry Goldsmith
19 A Streetcar Named Desire 1951 Alex North
20 The Pink Panther 1964 Henry Mancini
21 Ben-Hur 1959 Miklós Rózsa
22 On the Waterfront 1954 Leonard Bernstein
23 The Mission 1986 Ennio Morricone
24 On Golden Pond 1981 Dave Grusin
25 How the West Was Won 1962 Alfred Newman, Ken Darby

Os dejamos con un video de John Williams dirigiendo un homenaje a la música de cine arreglado por el mismo

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